Tezpur is a historical city of Assam whose existence dates back to centuries. It is situated on the North Bank of Brahmaputra in Assam. It is also said to be the ”Cultural Capital of Assam”. Many Historical ruins are also available till date. It is also a moajor Tea and Tourist Center of Assam it scenic beauty is breathtaking specially in the winters with snow capped himalayas at the Backdrop. Tezpur is a charming town with some beautifully kept parks, attractive lakes and enchanting views of the mighty Brahmaputra River as it laps the town’s edge.
My visit to the Cultural Capital of Assam was for a day, i would say a day trip to Tezpur. The historical monuments and the history has always been my first sightseeing when travelling is concerned. As i was travelling from Jorhat so it took around 2 hours,The driving is always a bit harsh due to the road condition as it was rainy season.
My first spot was the Kolia Bhomora Setu, is a pre-stressed concrete road bridge over the Brahmaputra River near Tezpur. It is named after the Ahom General Kolia Bhomora Phukan. Whenever you passs by you have to pay the government toll taxes for the maintenance of the bridge.Its a huge and gigantic bridge that Tezpur is proud of.
Our next trip was to Agnigarh, refers to fire fort or a residence amidst fire. Agnigarh, the big fortress on hilltop, was constructed to isolate King Bana’s daughter Usha, from Lord Krishna’s grandson Anirudha. As it was surrounded by fire on all sides, it was named Agnigarh. To reach the fortress, you need to climb the circular staircase. Present day Agnigarh is a hill on the banks of the Brahmaputra which is one of the big tourist attractions in Tezpur. There is a circular stairway leading up to the crest of the hill where there are now sculptures depicting Usha’s abduction of Aniruddha, the grandson of Krishna and the ensuing battle by Krishna to free them.
From the hilltop, you could have splendid views of Tezpur and the River Brahmaputra. There is a tall viewing platform from where the entire Tezpur town can be seen. We can also see the Kalia- Bhumura bridge which shines like a beautiful necklace over the vast Brahmaputra river.
We then headed towards Chitralekha Udyan, Popularly known as Cole Park, Chitralekha Udyan is one of the famous tourist destinations in Tezpur. The scenic park is set in a stunning landscape with many hillocks and lakes adding beauty to the atmosphere. The important attractions of the park include two huge decorated stone pillars and sculptural ruins of Bamuni hills belonging to the 9th and 10th centuries. The walkway in the path encourages you to have a relaxed walk in the serene atmosphere. It has recently been renamed as Chitralekha Udyan although both names are synonymous. The name is after a famous character in Agnigarh Aniruddha-Usha love story It has had a long tradition of hosting painting/drawing competitions for the nearby schools due the various features it possesses. The famous Bhomoraguri inscription which recorded the ancient plans to build a bridge across the Brahmaputra where the current Kolia Bhomora Setuexists has been transported to this park for public viewing.
The park has facilities for paddle boating on the pond. There is a water feature in the form of a lake where small rowing and paddle boats are allowed with other water sports are available in the lakes in the park.
Primary viewing attractions for children is a jet-fighter model Valiant MIG 21 the first supersonic aircraft for the Indian Air Force capable of travelling at Mach 2 ( with engines removed and fixed ) and a large concrete-made map of India ( states as before year 2000).
Tezpur University was established by an Act of Parliament in 1994. The objects of this Central University as envisaged in the statutes are that it shall strive to offer employment oriented and interdisciplinary courses to meet the local and regional aspirations and the development needs of the state of Assam and also offer courses and promote research in areas which are of special and direct relevance to the region and in emerging areas in Science and Technology.The institute is surrounded by greenery and with historic and tourist places nearby, including Ganesh Ghat, Agnigarh, Nameri National Park etc.
Tezpur University is the first university in India to offer the course, Master of Technology in Computational Seismology (which has been discontinued now) and is also one of the few universities in India to have its own Department of Energy. The Department of Electronics is the first of its kind in India to introduce an interdisciplinary Master of Technology program in Bioelectronics, the first class of which graduated in June 2006. The university has four schools of studies which is divided into 21 departments and three special academic centres:
- School of Sciences
- School of Humanities & Social Sciences
- School of Management Sciences
- School of Engineering
My Nameri trip was on some other day but how can i miss to give a glimpse of it while i am writing about Tezpur. Nameri National Park is located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur District of Assam, India, about 40 kms from Tezpur and the third national park in Assam. The Pakhui (Pakke) Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh adjoins the Park on its North-Eastern point. Together they constitute an area of over 1000 km 2 of semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests with cane and bamboo brakes and narrow strips of open grassland along rivers. Nameri is a birder’s paradise with over 300 species of birds.The area is criss-crossed by the river Jia- Bhoroli and its tributaries namely the Diji, Dinai, Doigurung, Nameri, Dikorai, Khari etc. A few jheels (during the rainy seasons) also dot the area. The inaccessibility and continuity with the neibouring forest areas have helped the wildlife of Nameri to flourish. Nameri and Sonai-Rupai are only Protected Areas in the North Bank of the Brahmaputra in the Civil District of Sonitpur.
The other places to visit in Tezpur
- Bamuni Hills – The ruins of Bamuni hill is famous for its artistic beauty. The structural remains present here date back to the 9th and 10th century and attract historians and art lovers from all over the world.
- Bhairabi Temple – The presiding deity of this oldest temple of Assam is Goddess Durga.Bhairabi Temple is situated on Tezpur border.The stones of the temple is adorned by intricate carvings and images that date back to 9th century.
- Da-Parbatia – Da-Parbatia is one of the most famous Gupta era ruins near Tezpur with an exquisitely carved door leading to the inner temple. On either side of the door are carvings of the Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna, with garlands in their hands. The entire door frame is covered with elaborate carvings of flowers and foliage.
- Harzara Pukhuri – This a very huge lake covering an area of about 70 acres and archeology dates its excavation to the early part of the 19th century.It got its name from Harzara Varman of Tezpur.
- Ketakeshwar Dewal – Ketakeshwar Dewal is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is said to have the second biggest Shivalingam in the world. There are actually two parts to the temple, one where which is said to be the original place of the Shivalingam and another where the Shivalingam is located presently.
- Mahabhairab Mandir – This temple houses the statue of Lord Shiva which is supposed to be the second largest in the world and was ardently worshipped by the Bana King.
The Places to see near Tezpur :
- Kaziranga National Park – Kaziranga National Park, a World Hertage Site is about 45 kms away from Tezpur. One horned rhinoceros is the main attraction of the national park, besides, you can see other animals like tigers, birds, elephants, sambar, barking deer and a variety of avian species in the park.
- Orang National Park – Orang National Park is situated at a distance of 31 km from Tezpur and is popularly known as mini-Kaziranga. The national park is the home to a large number of wild animals such as the one-horned rhino, elephant, leopard, barking deer, tiger and a variety of water birds, green pigeon, florican, teal, and geese.
- Tipi – This place is a famous spot around Tezpur for it has the third-largest orchidarium in Asia.
The Things to do in Tezpur :
- Angling and water rafting in Jia Bhoroli River.
- Try out in eating Joints like Chinese Oasis Veggie Foods Flora’s KF House Of Ming.
- Gateway to Arunachal Pradesh. Go to Tawang ( 10,000 + Ft. high, Dirang (India’s Switzerland), Sella Pass (13,000 + Ft. High).